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Famiiog Problems m\9\9 



To the Farmers and 
the Agricultural 
Forces of the 
United States: 



DURING the period since we entered 
the war the farmers of the Nation 
have responded magnificently to the appeals 
for increased production, and all the people 
have complied with the urgent requests 
for fuller conservation. During this present 
fall season our farmers have planted an 
increased wheat acreage and a large acreage 
in rye. It is too early now to make detailed 
suggestions for the spring planting season. 
We do not know how the fall grains will 
come through the winter and we are not 
now able to forecast the demands and the 
conditions which will prevail after the first 
of the year. 

This Department, the agricultural 
colleges and other organizations will continue 
to give definite thought to all the problems, 
and at the proper time will lay the situation 
before you. 

Two things seem to be clear: 

One is that for a considerable period 
the world will have need particularly of a 
larger supply than normal of live stock, 
and especially of fats. We should not 
fail, therefore, to adopt every feasible means 
of economically increasing our live-stock 



products. As a part of our program we 
should give due thought to the securing of 
an adequate supply of feed stuffs and to the 
eradication and control of all forms of 
animal disease. 

The other is the need of perfecting the 
organization of our agricultural agencies for 
the purpose of intelligently executing such a 
program as may seem wise. We should 
not only have the best possible organization 
and cooperation of the Department of 
Agriculture, the agricultural colleges, the 
State departments of agriculture and farmers' 
associations, but we should especially 
strengthen the local farm bureaus and other 
organizations which support so effectively 
the extension forces and assist them in 
their activities. The perfecting of this 

organization is highly desirable not only 
during the continuance of the present 
abnormal conditions but also for the future. 
The local as well as the State and Federal 
agencies are of supreme importance to the 
Nation in all its activities designed to make 
rural life more profitable, healthful and 
attractive, and, therefore, to secure adequate 
economic production, efficient distribution 
and necessary conservation. 

The main purpose of this appeal is to 
direct attention to the necessity of continuing 
our state of preparedness and of strengthen- 
ing the foundations of our agriculture. 




Secretary of Agriculture. 



November 13, 1918.